For our public reporting purposes, ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as a pneumonia (lung infection) occurring in patients in an intensive care unit (ICU), requiring, external mechanical breathing support (a ventilator) intermittently or continuously, through a breathing tube for more than 48 hours.


VAP can develop in patients for many reasons. Because patients are relying on an external machine to breath, their normal coughing, yawning, and deep breath reflexes are suppressed. Further, they may have a depressed immune system, making them more vulnerable to infection. ICU teams have many ways to try to assist patients with these normal breathing reflexes, but despite this, patients are still at risk for developing pneumonia.


Reporting VAP Rates

All hospitals with ICUs required to report into the Critical Care Information System (CCIS) – a centralized data collection system where hospitals report a variety of critical care information – must publicly report the VAP indicator data.

 

VAP rates 2020

Reporting Period

# of cases

Rate per 1,000 patient days

January - March

0

0.00 per 1,000 patient days

April - June


 

July - September



October - December




VAP rates 2019

Reporting Period

# of cases

Rate per 1,000 patient days

January - March

0

0.00 per 1,000 patient days

April - June

0

0.00 per 1,000 patient days

July - September

0

0.00 per 1,000 patient days

October - December

0

0.00 per 1,000 patient days


VAP rates 2018

Reporting Period

# of cases

Rate per 1,000 Patient Days

January - March

0.00 per 1,000 patient days 

April - June

0.00 per 1,000 patient days 

July - September

0.00 per 1,000 patient days 

October - December




Ontario hospitals are posting their quarterly VAP rate and case count for those infections acquired in their facility, using the following formula:
total # of ICU cases of VAP after 48 hours of mechanical ventilation x 1000
total # of ventilator days for ICU patients 18 years and older
More patient-specific information is available at patient safety